Homosexuality - sexual attraction to others of their gender. The word "Homosexual" comes from the Greek root "homo", which means "the same" and the Latin word "seksus" sex. Men gomoseksual-called domestic "blue". Pederast (from the Greek "sodomy" - love for the boys), or call form the male sodomite homosexuality, in which the sexual act committed by the introduction of the penis into the rectum. Female homosexuality is called lesbianism (lesbian love) or sophism, on behalf of the ancient Greek poet Sappho, who lived on the island of Lesbos, and obsessed fall for this. According to the scientists the United States, about 4% of men and 3% of women throughout their lives have exclusively homosexual behavior. In addition, some of the women and men experienced the same sexual attraction to persons of both sexes, they are called bisexual.
It should distinguish between homosexuality as a pathological attraction to those same sex (inverted) from the acquired at some time in the life of homosexual behavior. The latter may be formed and a person with heterosexual inclinations under the influence of the external factors (abuse, coercion, curiosity, greed). Such people are called randomly inverted, or pseudohomosexuality. In the West, and in the U.S. is increasingly expressed the view that homosexuality - not pathology, a version of the rules has an equal right to exist as heterosexuality. However, recent years broke out a new wave of discrimination of homosexuality in connection with the spread of AIDS, especially among homosexuality.
The causes of homosexuality are still not clarified. There are different views about the origin of this phenomen on. Some believe that the formation of homosexual attraction is due to genetic (hereditary) factors, while others link it with the pathology of the central nervous system, endocrine disruption. Many supporters of Freud's psychoanalytic theory.
Sexual contact homosexuality, leading to mutual sexual satisfaction, diverse. Most often, this mutual masturbation, oral-genital contact (stimulation of the genitals through oral), rubbing genitals on various parts of the body of a partner, etc. The division gomoseksualov on active (male role) and passive (female role) true only in cases pederasty. For women such roles are not true.